economic equity and justice
Change in Total Jobs

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Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis

What does this measure?

The growth or decline in total jobs, shown as a percentage gain or loss from the previous year.

Why is this important?

Job growth is a key indicator of economic health and vitality and reveals whether and by how much an economy is expanding. In addition to the number of jobs, the quality of jobs should be considered. This is reflected in measures of average salary.

How is Norfolk County doing?

Norfolk County had job growth of 4.1% from 2020 to 2021, above the state and nation rates of 3.5% and 3.0% respectively. Since 2001, the county's job growth increased 16% to a total of 480,700 jobs, a growth rate similar to the state and slightly lower than the nation (22%).

Norfolk County's latest annual rate of growth was higher than Middlesex County (2.8%) and similar to Essex County (4%). Since 2001, Norfolk County's job growth was similar to Essex and Middlesex, both at 17%.

Notes about the data

Data is from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. County employment is reported by place of work, not place of residence. 2022 data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter of 2023.

standard
Annual Change in Total Jobs
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Norfolk CountyN/A-0.9%0.0%1.7%1.2%0.7%2.6%-0.0%-2.6%0.2%1.6%1.7%3.3%2.4%4.0%1.7%0.9%1.1%-0.8%-6.9%4.1%
Essex CountyN/A-1.1%-0.7%1.1%0.9%0.9%1.7%0.4%-1.7%0.5%1.8%2.1%2.4%1.7%4.5%1.0%1.2%1.0%0.1%-5.7%4.0%
Middlesex CountyN/A-2.9%-1.6%0.5%1.7%1.5%2.8%1.0%-2.2%0.3%1.1%1.7%2.2%2.4%4.6%1.5%1.5%2.5%0.3%-5.0%2.8%
MassachusettsN/A-1.3%-0.7%0.9%1.1%1.0%2.3%0.3%-2.4%-0.0%1.5%1.9%2.4%2.2%4.1%1.7%1.5%1.6%0.4%-5.6%3.5%

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Notes: Rate is percentage change from previous year




Total Jobs
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Norfolk County412,194408,494408,631415,682420,550423,411434,554434,354423,209424,154431,034438,200452,650463,419481,790489,751494,297499,741495,865461,885480,703
Essex County393,504389,319386,740391,074394,554398,143405,025406,600399,773401,899409,309418,044427,967435,184454,838459,507465,137469,704470,231443,612461,171
Middlesex County1,062,2661,031,5031,014,9821,019,5591,036,4661,051,9141,081,3191,091,6131,067,8681,070,6571,082,3061,101,0351,125,1581,151,6831,205,0511,222,9101,240,9981,271,8211,275,2721,211,4151,245,514
Massachusetts4,075,9594,021,5893,991,9914,028,6384,071,3264,110,4154,202,9424,215,6694,115,9974,115,5394,175,3114,253,3274,353,5684,447,6264,631,4174,709,7974,778,2524,854,6414,872,9894,600,3454,761,271

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis






INDICATORS TREND
Change in Total Population 1
Increasing
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Language Diversity 1
Increasing
Foreign-Born Population 1
Increasing
Population by Age 1
Increasing
People with Disabilities 1
Increasing
Voter Registration -1
Decreasing
Voter Participation 1
Increasing
Arrest Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Total Jobs 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Living Wage 10 Not Applicable*
Median Household Income 0
Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Income in Relation to Poverty Level -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
People Living in Poverty by Age -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Females Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Seniors Living in Poverty 1
Increasing
Share of Workers who are Professionals by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Access to Financial Services by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Student Performance on Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 10 Not Applicable*
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Overall Housing Cost Burden -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value 0
Maintaining
Median Home Value by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Cost of Homeownership 1
Increasing
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Cost of Renting 1
Increasing
Cost of Rent by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Food Insecurity 10 Not Applicable*
Households Without Vehicles 1
Increasing
Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Protected Land 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 10 Not Applicable*
Early Prenatal Care 10 Not Applicable*
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate 10 Not Applicable*
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions 10 Not Applicable*
People 65 or Older Living Alone 1
Increasing
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Arrest Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity 0
Maintaining
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Females Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Share of Workers who are Professionals by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Student Performance on Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 10 Not Applicable*
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 1
Increasing
Median Home Value by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Cost of Rent by Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity -1
Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity 10 Not Applicable*



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