racial equity
Share of Workers who are Professionals by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What does this measure?

The number of workers who are professional, broken down by race/ethnicity expressed as a percentage of total workers. People with occupations traditionally considered "white collar" - including doctors, lawyers, scientists, programmers, managers and office workers - are considered professionals.

Why is this important?

Workers with professional occupations may have higher levels of education, increased income opportunities and more workplace autonomy in comparison to low- and middle-skill wage laborers. This reflects on how equitable the opportunity structure may be within a given community or region.

How is Norfolk County doing?

In 2017-21, 46% of white workers and 44% of Asian workers in Norfolk County were professionals compared to 31% of African American workers and 30% of Hispanic workers. Similar disparities exist at the state level and in Essex and Middlesex counties. The disparity between white professional workers and Hispanic professional workers is greater in the state and in Essex and Middlesex than in Norfolk.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are many reasons why disparities may occur. In addition to the general effects of current and historical racial and ethnic discrimination, career and educational choices and pathways are influenced by family financial resources, personal social networks that connect to specific workplaces, and the availability of visible role models to let young people know that particular career paths are open and achievable to people like them. Language issues or immigration status may also be playing a role in the comparatively low rates for Hispanic workers.

Notes about the data

Multiyear data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample. The American Community Survey combines five years of responses to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the first quarter.

snapshot
Share of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
Norfolk County44.2%30.8%30.0%45.5%
Essex County37.2%26.6%15.5%37.9%
Middlesex County47.7%32.2%24.3%47.5%
Massachusetts43.4%27.9%20.4%40.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




Number of Workers who are Professionals, by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
Norfolk County44,20629,48216,655293,198
Essex County6,8008,19825,598178,577
Middlesex County73,18521,87226,809335,011
Massachusetts209,528143,519176,1022,091,241

Source: U.S. Census Bureau






INDICATORS
Change in Total Population
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Language Diversity
Foreign-Born Population
Population by Age
People with Disabilities
Voter Registration
Voter Participation
Arrest Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Change in Total Jobs
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
Median Household Income
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity
Income in Relation to Poverty Level
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty by Age
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Females Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Seniors Living in Poverty
Share of Workers who are Professionals by Race/Ethnicity
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity
Access to Financial Services by Race/Ethnicity
Student Performance on Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Overall Housing Cost Burden
Median Home Value
Median Home Value by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Renting
Cost of Rent by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Food Insecurity
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity
Protected Land
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality
Early Prenatal Care
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Drug Poisoning Mortality Rate
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions
People 65 or Older Living Alone
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
Arrest Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Females Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Share of Workers who are Professionals by Race/Ethnicity
Business Ownership by Race/Ethnicity
Student Performance on Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Median Home Value by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Rent by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity



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